The hottest Shanghai releases the three-year actio

2022-09-23
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Shanghai released the "three-year action plan for waste classification"

Shanghai made another heavy move in the field of domestic waste classification. On April 21, Shanghai greening and city appearance Bureau issued the "action plan for the construction of the whole process classification system of domestic waste in Shanghai (2018-2020)" (hereinafter referred to as the three-year action plan)

in March this year, the Shanghai municipal government issued the implementation plan on establishing and improving the whole process classification system of domestic waste in the city, proposing that the whole process classification system of domestic waste will be established by 2020, and the domestic waste classification system will be widely implemented in residential areas. The three-year action plan is a detailed implementation of the plan

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in 2018, six districts and two streets (towns) in other districts took the lead in realizing "one prohibition, two classification and one encouragement" for resident families, that is, hazardous waste is strictly prohibited from mixing with other domestic waste, and daily dry and wet classification is used to encourage resource recycling

in 2019, 12 districts will be fully covered, and the actual effect of garbage classification in more than 70% of the city's residential areas should meet the standard

by 2020, all districts in Shanghai should achieve full coverage of domestic waste classification, and the actual effect of waste classification in more than 90% of residential areas should meet the standard

reconstruct the special collection and transportation system of recyclables, and implement the layout of "points, stations and yards" for renewable resource recycling: in 2018, 2000 recycling points, 109 transit stations and 10 collection and distribution yards will be built in the city; In 2019, 5000 recycling points and 170 transfer stations will be built; In 2020, 8000 recycling points and 210 transfer stations will be built

reduce dry waste by 15% in three years

domestic waste classification, the source is the top priority. The three-year action plan proposes that by 2020, all districts in Shanghai should realize the full coverage of the maximum resistance of the conductor at 20 ℃ in the domestic waste classification standard, and the actual effect of waste classification in more than 90% of residential areas should meet the standard

before that, in 2018, we will ensure that all enterprises and institutions fully implement the classified release of domestic waste, and take the lead in realizing the "one prohibition, two classification and one encouragement" for residents' families in six districts including Jing'an, Changning, Yangpu, Songjiang, Fengxian, Chongming and two streets (towns) in the other districts, that is, it is strictly forbidden to mix hazardous waste with other domestic waste, daily dry and wet classification, and encourage resource recovery

in 2019, on the basis of the previous six districts achieving full coverage of waste classification, six districts, including Huangpu, Xuhui, Putuo, Minhang, Jiading and Jinshan, will achieve full coverage, reaching 12 districts. In addition, more than 50% of the streets (towns) in Pudong, Hongkou, Baoshan, Qingpu and other four districts have achieved full coverage of waste classification. The actual effect of garbage classification in more than 70% of residential areas in the city should meet the standard

if the source classification is done well, there will be less and less wet garbage and recyclables mixed into dry garbage, which will be separated from each other. III. realize the calibration of digital push-pull meter, tension-compression two-way sensor and Dynamometer on one equipment. The annual action plan takes the changes of dry and wet waste treatment capacity and recyclable material resource recycling as the main indicators to test the actual effect of source classification. It is clear that the upper limit of daily average dry waste terminal treatment capacity in Shanghai should be reduced from 21400 tons in 2018 to 18100 tons in 2020. This means that it will take Shanghai three years to reduce the terminal treatment capacity of dry waste by at least 15.4%. How to reduce? It depends on source classification

there is less dry waste, and the classified treatment capacity of wet waste and the recycling capacity of recyclables resources increase correspondingly. The three-year action plan requires that the classified treatment capacity of wet waste in Shanghai should increase from 3480 tons/day in 2018 to 6300 tons/day in 2020, a full increase of 80%; The recycling volume of recyclable resources will increase from more than 660 tons/day in 2018 to more than 1100 tons/day in 2020, an increase of two-thirds

excluding hazardous waste, according to the three-year action plan, the daily disposal of dry and wet waste and recyclables in Shanghai will be controlled at about 25000 tons in 2020. According to the data released by Shanghai greening and appearance Bureau, in 2017, the average daily domestic waste removal volume in Shanghai was about 22000 tons. In contrast, it is still difficult to reduce the amount of waste, but through the source classification and reduction, at least the rapid growth trend of waste can be alleviated

different garbage trucks rely on "uniforms" to distinguish

if there is something wrong with the middle collection and transportation link, such as mixed loading and transportation, then the source classification is busy in vain. In this regard, the three-year action plan will focus on the transformation of transport vehicles and transit facilities

in 2018, Shanghai began to significantly enhance the "recognition" of garbage trucks, so that people can easily monitor whether garbage trucks are dedicated to special vehicles. Identification signs of more than 3000 dry garbage vehicles will be posted; Add 16 special hazardous waste transport vehicles; There are more than 400 special wet waste collection and transportation vehicles for color spraying, and 640 special wet waste collection and transportation vehicles in the city. In 2019, there will be 780 wet waste collection and transportation vehicles in the city; In 2020, it will reach 920 vehicles

in terms of transfer facilities, 41 large transfer stations in Shanghai will realize the classified transfer of dry and wet garbage in 2018, and 45 special containers for wet garbage will be set up at the municipal transfer terminal; In 2019 and 2020, there will be 90 and 180 special containers for wet waste

relatively market-oriented recyclables are troubled by the problem of low value, and the collection and transportation system is at risk of paralysis, which is in urgent need of government support. The three-year action plan clearly stipulates that Shanghai will restructure the special collection and transportation system for recyclables and implement the layout of "points, stations and yards" for renewable resource recycling: in 2018, the city will build 2000 recycling points, 10 to help enterprises clarify their development ideas, 9 transit stations and 10 collection and distribution yards; In 2019, 5000 recycling points and 170 transfer stations will be built; In 2020, 8000 recycling points and 210 transfer stations will be built

once the source and intermediate links are straightened out, the classified domestic waste will flow to the end, posing a challenge to the treatment capacity. According to the three-year action plan, the task of improving the comprehensive treatment capacity of domestic waste at the end of Shanghai is very urgent. In 2019, Shanghai will have a dry waste incineration capacity of 19300 tons/day and a wet waste treatment capacity of 4300 tons/day. One year later, Shanghai's wet waste treatment capacity will rapidly increase by more than 60%, to 7000 tons/day, and the city's comprehensive domestic waste treatment capacity will reach more than 32800 tons/day

garbage classification education into primary and secondary schools

in addition to paying close attention to hardware facilities, Shanghai also pays attention to the "software" construction of garbage classification

in terms of hard constraints, the three-year action plan revealed that it would use IOT, Internet and other technologies to establish a municipal, district and street town three-level domestic waste classification and supervision system, and strengthen the management of inadequate classification of all links at the grass-roots level. At the same time, we will carry out the legislative work of the regulations of Shanghai on the administration of domestic waste, establish a multi department coordinated law enforcement mechanism, organize and carry out law enforcement inspection on the whole process of classification, and incorporate waste classification into the important indicators of government performance management and the important content of integrity management of operating enterprises

in terms of encouragement, Shanghai will formulate standards for the construction of domestic waste classification and placement points and garbage bin houses, so as to attract more citizens to do a good job of waste classification by making the garbage placement points clean, tidy and clear rules, and the residents' committee or building group cadres will "100% enter the house" publicity, guidance and supervision at fixed times and points. For the districts that take the lead in achieving the annual target of the whole region, the government will also give support policies and continuous encouragement to those who achieve the annual target

in addition, Shanghai will promote garbage classification knowledge "into institutions, campuses and classrooms", focusing on in-depth garbage classification education in primary and secondary schools, starting with children. The practice of some typical demonstration residential areas for waste classification will be frequently promoted

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